A groundbreaking new heritage that would rework our view of West Africa
By the time of the 'Scramble for Africa' within the overdue 19th century, Africa had already been globally attached for lots of centuries. Its gold had fuelled the economies of Europe and Islamic international due to the fact that round one thousand, and its refined kingdoms had traded with Europeans alongside the coasts from Senegal right down to Angola because the 15th century. till at the very least 1650, this was once a exchange of equals, utilizing quite a few currencies - most significantly shells: the cowrie shells imported from the Maldives, and the nzimbu shells imported from Brazil.
Toby Green's groundbreaking new publication transforms our view of West and West-Central Africa. It reconstructs the realm of kingdoms whose lifestyles (like these of Europe) revolved round struggle, taxation, exchange, international relations, advanced non secular ideals, royal reveal and extravagance, and the construction of art.
Over time, the dating among Africa and Europe revolved ever extra round the alternate in slaves, harmful Africa's relative political and fiscal strength because the phrases of economic trade shifted tremendously in Europe's favour. regardless of those growing to be capital imbalances, longstanding contacts ensured impressive connections among the Age of Revolution in Europe and the United States and the beginning of a innovative 19th century in Africa.
A Fistful of Shells attracts not only on written histories, yet on archival examine in 9 international locations, on paintings, praise-singers, oral historical past, archaeology, letters, and the author's own adventure to create a brand new point of view at the heritage of 1 of the world's most crucial regions.
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Extra resources for A Fistful of Shells: West Africa from the Rise of the Slave Trade to the Age of Revolution
A Fistful of Shells: West Africa from the Rise of the Slave Trade to the Age of Revolution